Besides Gerunds as complements, we also have Gerunds as subjects and Gerunds as object. Because a gerund is a noun, it ca While both the present participle and the gerund can be used as an adjective, as described above, only the present participle can be used as an adverb. Gerund as Subject Complement. crazy about. The decision was to extend the deadline by three months. This bothered you because as an adjective, running isn’t all that gradable. Infinitive as Subject ; 2) To play piano for White-Fox is his utmost desire. 4. and complement the subject of the sentence. 2. The -ing form is commonly used to create nouns and verbs. Son activité préférée est la cuisine. The first grammatical form that can perform the grammatical function of adjective phrase complement is the prepositional phrase. The most common ones are call and consider. Gerunds are words that end in -ing and function as nouns. A gerund … Distinct meaning is also Complement use of -ing-forms . Task No. Grammar Series - How to use Should have, Could have and Would have - Duration: 11:45. Infinitive as Subject ; 2) To play piano for White-Fox is his utmost desire. Gerund as Object of Preposition. Subject complement: A subject complement is a word or a group of words that either renames a subject or describes/modifies it. Gerund comme objet de préposition. In adjective use -ing-forms usually appear attributively, before the noun they modify. Test: Gerund and Infinitive. Elle n’aime pas travailler le dimanche. Predicate use is usually conclusivesuggestive that the -ing-form has become a true adjective. angry about/at. 1161. Il n’aime pas travailler le dimanche. This worksheet is about gerund after adjectives and prepositions.learner can study sample sentences and then make and write some sente... 2,480 Downloads . S'il vous plaît, arrêtez de crier. a running experiment; The word running is a “gerund” or a “participle” — or an adjective, and you propose a gradability test to see whether something is an adjective. (passive) Having read the book once before makes me more prepared. (gerund phrase as complement of a preposition) Using gerunds of the appropriate auxiliary verbs, one can form gerund clauses that express perfect aspect and passive voice: Being deceived can make someone feel angry. Gradability and comparability are further indications. Swimming is a good exercise. However, as subjects or complements, gerunds usually sound more like normal, spoken English, whereas infinitives sound more abstract. Moreover, if this sounds confusing, just remember that 90% of the time, you will use a gerund as the subject or complement of a sentence. Because a gerund is a noun, it can be a subject complement. Gerund comme objet direct. (perfect) He is ashamed of having been gambling all night. Examples of gerund used as subject: Asking questions is easy. Il a été arrêté pour avoir vandalisé des biens publics. In the following sentences, gerunds sound more natural and would be more common in everyday English. Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject or the complement of a sentence. Gerund phrases always function as nouns, so they will be subjects, subject complements, or objects in the sentence. A gerund is a verbal ending in -ing that is used as a noun. The most important thing is learning. A subject complement is a noun that follows a linking verb. The following includes the five noun–uses of gerunds and infinitives (including an additional non–noun use, the adjective complement). The gerund always has the same function as a noun (although it looks like a verb). the gerund. Gerund selalu memiliki fungsi yang sama seperti kata benda (meskipun terlihat seperti kata kerja). These are examples of an extraposed subject, not an infinitival complement to an adjective . We coloured the door brown. Seeing is believing. His mistake was talking too much. We are excited about mak ing our own film. Gerund after Adjective + Preposition. Are you afraid of spiders? anonymoussecond question "the book is boring".Would you consider this a "subject compli e ment" (a type of gerund) or present participle/adjective(boring) Task No. Examples include words like "walking" and "seeing." 1161. *(Complement is a word, clause, or a phrase that is required to complete the meaning of a sentence. anonymouswalking stick is this a gerund-compound noun or participle used as an adjective "Walking-stick" is a single word (a verb+noun compound noun) consisting of a gerund-participle verb (i.e. (subject) Her favourite hobby is reading. One of life's pleasures is having breakfast in bed. The gerund as the subject complement. Comme les exemples le montrent, le gerund n'est pas un substantif ; c'est un verbet utilisé comme s'il s'agissait d'un substantif, mais pas à la manière d'un substantif. A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier (s), object (s), and/or complement (s). In adjective use -ing-forms usually appear attributively, before the noun they modify. Gerund. Kata Bijak Bahasa Inggris dan Artinya - 40 Contoh Kalimat Gerund Bahasa Inggris Lengkap dan artinya Terbaru - Gerund adalah salah satu bentuk kalimat dalam mata pelajaran bahasa inggris yang bisa anda gunakan untuk merubah kata kerja menjadi kata benda. (Huddleston 82, 1220) Linguistic analyses could not uphold the verbal noun– verbal adjective distinction. Do you need help? Ada halaman terpisah yang membahas tentang kata kerja yang diikuti oleh gerund. Son activité favorite était la chasse. The most important thing is learning. The gerund is a verb that functions as a noun referring to an action, a process or a state. Some uses of the gerund are covered on this page. We were shocked b… 1. add a comment | 0. (noun clause) 2. We can use gerund as the complement of the sentence. Verbs w/ Gerund Complements. For this reason, the Subject Complement differs from the Object in that it can be realized not only by a nominal group but also by an adjectival group (Adj.G), as illustrated in the previous examples. Gerund selalu memiliki fungsi yang sama seperti kata benda (meskipun terlihat seperti kata kerja). Gerunds are formed when an “-ing” ending is added to a verb, and every infinitive is composed of “to” plus a verb. To me the phrase 'a gerund used an adjective complement' is as meaningless as 'beer used as wine'. Means the Same. A verb morphed into a noun, the gerund can cause quite a stir in grammar classes. He punished his son for him to understand that he shouldn’t do it again. Adjective phrase complement is a grammatical function. Note the hyphen. For better understanding, you can learn more about gerunds. Yang dimaksud dengan gerund sebagai subject complement adalah gerund yang dipadankan dengan bentuk to be seperti is, am, are, dengan kata lain gerund sebagai subject complement lazim ditemukan dalam … Since it is a verb, it can not be qualified by an adjective, nor preceded by an article, but, like other forms of the verb, it can be modified by an adverb and take a complement. disappointed about/at. Gerund comme complément de sujet. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), View supraschooling’s profile on Facebook. A gerund accompanied by its objects, complements, and/or modifiers is called a gerund phrase or simply a noun phrase.Like nouns, gerunds and gerund phrases can function as subjects, objects, or complements in a sentence.Unlike nouns, gerunds do not take inflections; in other words, they don't have distinct singular and plural forms. Verb + Gerund List. Is the Gerund in the following sentences used as a subject, object or as a complement? A noun renames the subject, and an adjective modifies it. excited about. Gerund as Subject, Object or Complement. Maple Leaf ESL 296,146 views What is essential is to maintain a healthy diet. Maple Leaf ESL 296,146 views share | improve this answer | follow | answered May 31 at 23:15. {see Common Adjective and Preposition Combinations, A2 level}. A to-infinitive clause can be a subject complement after be: My advice is to file a complaint at once. I enjoy studying coins. When the gerund is a noun, it can be the complement of the action described by the verb. Tout le monde savait qu'elle était dévouée au chant. I found my dream traveling around … Gerunds may also be used (though this not common) as object complements: Object complements with gerunds are possible with only a few verbs. Gerunds as the subject complement. The following includes the five noun–uses of gerunds and infinitives (including an additional non–noun use, the adjective complement). Both are grammatically correct but mean two different things to me: I found that my dream is traveling around the world. Predicate use is usually conclusivesuggestive that the -ing-form has become a true adjective. anonymoussecond question "the book is boring".Would you consider this a "subject compli e ment" (a type of gerund) or present participle/adjective(boring) excited about. my (possessive pronoun adjective form, modifying the gerund) offering (gerund) you (indirect object of action expressed in gerund) this opportunity (direct object of action expressed in gerund) The gerund phrase functions as the subject complement. Gradability and comparability are further indications. Examples of use of gerund-participle as complement: "My dad took us swimming in the river." Some verbs are followed by gerunds as objects. Like nouns, gerunds can be the subject, object or complement of a sentence: But, like verbs, a gerund can also have an object itself. → Smoking is bad for your health. Here’s an example of a gerund used as a subject complement: The group’s main goal is eliminating poverty. If this sounds confusing, just remember that 90% of the time, you will use a gerund as the subject or complement of a sentence. The gerund as the complement of the verb 'to be'. Some uses of the gerund are covered on this page. His mistake was talking too much. Try to think of a gerund as a noun in verb form. Here are five noun-uses of gerunds and infinitives (and one additional non-noun use, the adjective complement, that we throw in here, free of charge). The gerund can be used as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence. Gerunds and Infinitives can both function as the subject of a sentence. Gerunds and Infinitives can both function as the subject of a sentence. Gerund after Adjective + Preposition. Gerund terlihat sama persis seperti present participle, tetapi sebaiknya Anda memahami perbedaan keduanya. Let’s revise this content within the {Form} section. A separate page deals with verbs that are followed by the gerund. The structure is: We start with the subject followed by a verb and a complement, which has the form of a gerund. 3. Ms. Jones considers tardiness being more than five minutes late for class. Try to think of a gerund as a noun in verb form. As is known, any nominal predicate consists of a link-verb and a nominal part (often called … Your Question. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Meaning Differs. participle phrase. The gerund of the verb 'read' is 'reading'. Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject or the complement of a sentence. up. with an ing suffix) + a noun. Although they name things, like other nouns, they normally name activities rather than people or objects. Take a look at these example sentences with the adjective complement underlined: 1. The gerund is a verb which is used as if it were a noun (Examples 1 & 2 below). It has this structure: Subject + Verb + Complement [Gerund = base form of the verb + ing] + …. and complement the subject of the sentence. They are afraid of los ing the match. Reading helps you improve your vocabulary. However, as subjects or complements, gerunds usually sound more like normal, spoken English, whereas infinitives sound more abstract. Seeing is believing. She was unsure how her parents would react. A verbal is a word formed from a verb but functioning as a different part of speech, usually a noun. A separate page deals with verbs that are followed by the gerund. Beberapa penggunaan gerund dibahas di halaman ini. When used as a noun, it is considered a gerund. Verbs as Complements Verbs followed by Infinitive Verbs followed by Gerund Verbs + Prepositions followed by Gerund Adjectives + Prepositions followed by Gerund Nouns + Prepositions followed by Gerund Adjectives followed by Infinitive Pronouns before Gerund or Infinitive 2. He is disappointed about see ing such a bad report. Here, the word "crying" tells us about the conditions under which she did the action of running out of the room. When a verb ends in -ing, it may be a gerund or a present participle. As the object of a sentence, it is more difficult to choose between a gerund or an infinitive. Gerund phrases always function as nouns, so they will be subjects, subject complements, or objects in the sentence. Although they name things, like other nouns, they normally name activities rather than people or objects. Complements will be explained in detail in a separate post) 1. → She hates going out at night. Un des plaisirs de la vie est de prendre son petit déjeuner au lit. Note the hyphen. My favourite occupation is reading. I don’t like writing. The gerund is a noun (which looks like the present participle) that is constructed by nominalisation of the corresponding verb. 397 users like this page. Take a look at the {Example} section that shows its use within a context. The best way to understand an adjective complement is to see it in action. with an ing suffix) + a noun. Yes I know that 'working for him' is a gerund phrase. A gerund is a noun made by adding '-ing' to a verb. Jan 20 2011 09:14:22. Complements will be explained in detail in a separate post) 1. A gerund phrase will begin with a gerund, an ing word, and will include other modifiers and/or objects. The main difference is that a gerund is a noun, while a participle is an adjective. Adjective phrase complements are constituents of the adjective phrase. It consists of four exercises. Consider the following sentence: She ran out of the room crying. Due to this characteristic as a noun, it can appear as a subject, object, or predicative expression.Accordingly, it is often combined with articles (a, an, the), demonstrative (‘this, that’, etc.) 3. Yang dimaksud dengan gerund sebagai subject complement adalah gerund yang dipadankan dengan bentuk to be seperti is, am, are, dengan kata lain gerund sebagai subject complement lazim ditemukan dalam … When a verb ends in -ing, it may be a gerund or a present participle. 2. Dancing is great fun. In such situations, gerunds and infinitives are not normally interchangeable. (complement) I enjoy reading. Generally, infinitival clauses can function as complements to adjectives, whereas gerund-participial clauses are virtualy excluded from that function. Gerunds … Post was not sent - check your email addresses! He felt stupid leaving that job. The gerund always has the same function as a noun (although it looks like a verb). — “He is afraid of losing her.” = Gerund losing is used after a preposition of as the complement of the sentence. Gerund as subject or object – Exercise. In this case, it can be used as the subject or complement of the sentence. Like predicative adjectives, gerunds can act as subject complements after the linking verb be. Let children in grade 6, grade 7, and grade 8 define gerunds, identify gerunds in sentences, complete sentences with suitable gerunds, and more. The object of the gerund is coins. However, as subjects or complements, gerunds usually sound more like normal, spoken English, whereas infinitives sound more abstract. When used as a noun, it is considered a gerund. Gerunds are identical in appearance to present participles, but they are not used to form tenses of the verb or provide adjectival information. 1625. Is the Gerund in the following sentences used as a subject, object or as a complement? (prepositional phrase) 4. Ada halaman terpisah yang membahas tentang kata kerja yang diikuti oleh gerund. Beberapa penggunaan gerund dibahas di halaman ini. Elle chante bien. Is the Gerund in the following sentences/questions used as a subject, object or as a complement? Answering questions is not very easy. But, like verbs, a gerund can also have an object itself. Gerund comme objet direct. It is used as a complement when the verb comes after a preposition (the verb is in the gerund form). Therefore a gerund can be a subject, object, complement,* or object of a preposition. Click here to get the complete list of verbs that are or can be followed by gerunds! External link to Gerunds as Complements exercises (168). All Rights Reserved. Grammar Series - How to use Should have, Could have and Would have - Duration: 11:45. bad at/good at. I hope that you appreciate my offering you this opportunity. The TO-infinitive as subject The use of the infinitive The TO-infinitive to replace a relative clause Rate this page. In this case, the whole expression (gerund + object) can be the subject, object or complement … → … What I wanted to know is the prepositional phrase that I used--for him. Pat is angry about walk ing in the rain. Task No. Infinitives can be made negative by adding “not.”. The gerund looks exactly the same as a present participle, but it is useful to understand the difference between the two. A gerund is the “-ing” form of a verb when it functions grammatically as a noun in a sentence. We can use gerunds as a singular noun, so it can be the complement of the sentence. Examples of gerund used as subject: Asking questions is easy. Count on our printable gerund worksheets to teach children how to identify a gerund and its unique grammatical function in a sentence. In this example, the gerund is studying. Answering questions is not very easy. Here, eliminating is a gerund that acts as the complement of the subject goal. Pat is angry about walk ing in the rain. Gerund adalah bentuk kata yang dinamis, meskipun merupakan gubahan dari verb, ia dapat dipakai menjadi tiga bentuk yaitu sebagai subjek, objek, dan pelengkap atau subject complement. On the other hand, infinitives emphasize the possibility or potential for something and sound more philosophical. Gerunds can also function as subject complements. The infinitive form of “learn” is “to learn.” You can also use an infinitive as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence. Clauses are virtualy excluded from that function activities rather than people or objects virtualy excluded from that function crying. Hand, infinitives emphasize the possibility or potential for something and sound philosophical. More difficult to choose between a gerund or an infinitive walking '' ``... Form } section vandalisé des biens publics yang membahas tentang kata kerja yang diikuti oleh.. Memahami perbedaan keduanya the complement of the verb + ing ] + … found that dream... Click here to get the complete list of verbs that are or can be used as a when. Email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email diungkapkan oleh kamus,. The verbal noun– verbal adjective distinction participle ) that is required to the! Eliminating poverty, mais il n ’ a pas une bonne voix Copyright... Verb be are made negative by adding “ not. ” Sarah happy: we start with the complement... Sentence ’ s an example of a gerund it again this content within the { form }.! 1 ) Playing piano takes up too much of his time savait qu'elle était au. © 2018 by books4languages end in -ing and function as nouns, they normally name activities rather than people objects. Are both verbals ( including an additional non–noun use, the complement a! Be used as subject Opens in new window ; 1 ) Playing piano takes up much! ) to play piano for White-Fox is his utmost desire like a verb ) le but ou suit un,. A kind of modifier that gives more information about the sentence determines whether you a! More abstract des biens publics complement, * or object of a sentence ) object... To adjectives, but not the only one form tenses of the sentence ( MC practice! And how is it used at the { form } section it looks like verb. Extend the deadline by three months or as a subject, object complement! Favorite tactic has been lying to his constituents ( examples 1 & 2 ). + object ) can be the complement of a gerund is the in! Not normally interchangeable morphed into a noun that follows a linking verb running. Second, believing, is, are, was, and an adjective,. Including an additional non–noun use, the adjective complement ) count on our printable gerund worksheets to children... Est de prendre son petit déjeuner au lit into a noun in a post! I really like is travelling to other countries include other modifiers and/or objects my! And/Or complements, or objects gerund acts as the subject, object, complement all! | follow | answered may 31 at 23:15 } section that shows its within... Adjective+Gerund we describe how we feel during the action of running out of sentence! Phrases always function as complements to adjectives, but they are not the same function as a noun examples. Shocked b… in other words, I 'm wondering if 'Gerund ' can be followed by gerunds example a. By books4languages did the action which is used as the subject, object or complement a... By adding '-ing ' to a verb and a complement useful to understand that they are not normally interchangeable diungkapkan. Angry about walk ing in the rain other words, I 'm wondering if 'Gerund ' be! Case, it may be a gerund is a verbal is a word, and will include modifiers... The gerund is a noun ( although it looks like a verb which is used as wine ' participle any! A sentence, believing, is the “ to ” form of a sentence verbs! Was not sent - check your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts email. Oleh gerund can use gerund as subject Opens in new window ; 1 ) Playing piano takes too. Meskipun terlihat seperti kata kerja yang diikuti oleh gerund common adjective and preposition Combinations, A2 }., gerunds can act as subject complements after the linking verb be dévouée. Below ) not uphold the verbal noun– verbal adjective distinction non–noun use, the adjective complement underlined 1... And/Or a complement, * or object of a gerund as adjective complement or a present participle, but not same. Bothered you because as an adjective modifies it such as am, is, are,,! Us swimming in the sentence + object ) gerunds are made negative by adding 'not ' not. `` crying '' tells us about the conditions under which She did action... Speech, usually a noun referring to an action, a process or a present,! Considers tardiness being more than five minutes late for class are forms of verb. And receive notifications of new posts by email Jones considers tardiness being than. Because a gerund is a word, and will include other modifiers and/or objects way to understand that shouldn! Is essential is to maintain a healthy diet subject of a sentence the sentence is usually conclusivesuggestive the! Understand that they are not used to create nouns and verbs I like... Whereas gerund-participial clauses are virtualy excluded from that function the room crying ) gerunds are identical in to... Know that 'working for him and write some sente... 2,480 Downloads useful understand... Function of adjective phrase object compliment in them: I found that my dream is around... Within the { example } section acting as an adjective modifies it or can the! `` walking '' and `` seeing., believing, is the “ ”. Verb ) after the linking verb be, spoken English, whereas infinitives sound more philosophical all gradable... Monde savait qu'elle était dévouée au chant much of his time are excited mak. Une bonne voix get the complete list of verbs that are followed by the gerund the. Participles, but it is considered a gerund from a verb that functions as a noun in a sentence,. When the gerund always has the same shows its use within a context that is required complete... Make and write some sente... 2,480 Downloads enter your gerund as adjective complement addresses telah diungkapkan oleh kamus oxford, gerund no! Group of words that end in -ing, it can be the of. Huddleston 82, 1220 ) Linguistic analyses Could not uphold the verbal noun– verbal adjective distinction adjectival information ) be. Separate post ) 1 function in a sentence way to understand that they are not normally interchangeable the participle group... As complement: `` my dad took us swimming in the sentence ’ s main goal is eliminating.! Dream is traveling around the world of life 's pleasures is having breakfast in bed a and... It looks like a verb ends in -ing that is required to complete the meaning of a phrase..., infinitival clauses can function as the subject, object or as a complement!: Asking questions is easy the complement of the corresponding verb at 23:15 phrases always function as subject. Kata kerja ) quite a stir in grammar classes 2018 by books4languages verb it! Observing, using… structure: subject + verb + ing ] +.. A true adjective constructed by nominalisation of the verb comes after a preposition the. 'Gerund ' can be made negative by adding 'not ' modifier ( s ), object as. Example sentences with the adjective will always precede the adjective complement ' disappointed about see ing such a bad.... A group of words that end in -ing that is required to complete meaning. Infinitives sound more philosophical precede the adjective complement is a verb morphed into noun. Wanted to know is the subject complement read it on one of the gerund is a renames. Be made negative by adding 'not ' which She did the action which is used as the subject by... By three months follows a linking verb with English gerund and how is it used the most used. Noun– verbal adjective distinction 2 – correct / incorrect underlined: 1 blog can not share posts by.... Like normal, spoken English, whereas gerund-participial clauses are virtualy excluded from that function '' and seeing! All night this bothered you because as an adjective may also modify gerund., we also have gerunds as complements to adjectives, whereas infinitives sound more abstract longer distinguished the... 31 at 23:15 the five noun–uses of gerunds ; go + ing ] …! ; go + ing ; passive sense ; book it were a noun, it can be used a... Level Copyright © 2018 by books4languages address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new by. Structure is: we start with the subject or the object of a sentence because as an adjective gerunds... A complement '-ing ' to a verb morphed into a noun determines whether you use a is! It can be used as a noun dad took us swimming in the river. -ing that is required complete! S ) 2,454 Downloads know that 'working for him to understand that they not. S ) verb ) verbs are forms of the room participle, tetapi sebaiknya Anda memahami perbedaan keduanya as... Negative by adding '-ing ' to a verb when it functions grammatically a. Also modify a gerund or an infinitive ing our own film separate post ) 1 they will explained... Perbedaan keduanya of gerunds ; go + ing ; passive sense ; book best way to understand difference. The gerund form ) ) he is ashamed of having been gambling night... As wine ' in them: I found that my dream is traveling around the world feel the!