The defense of the world-wide lines of communication demands relatively safe use by us of the sea and of the air along the various routes; and this, in turn, depends upon control by the United Nations of many strategic bases along those routes. Fireside Chat #20 - On the Progress of the War (February 23, 1942) 36:31: 26 Fireside Chat #21 - On Sacrifice (April 28, 1942) 32:26: 27 Fireside Chat #22 - On Inflation and Food Prices (September 7, 1942) 27:12: 28 Fireside Chat #23 - On the Home Front (October 12, 1942) 28:29: 29 State of the Union Address (January 7, 1943) 47:25: 30 Japanese troop transports could go south from Japan and from China through the narrow China Sea, which can be protected by Japanese planes throughout its whole length. Very many of the ships of the Pacific Fleet were not even in Pearl Harbor. Before this war even started, the Philippine Islands were already surrounded on three sides by Japanese power. solved by mediation, conciliation, or arbitration- until the war is won. That is the reason why I have asked you to take out and spread before you a map of the whole earth, and to follow with me the references which I shall make to the world-encircling battle lines of this war. They are making Japan pay an increasingly terrible price for her ambitious attempts to seize control of the whole (Atlantic) Asiatic world. On February 28, 1945, FDR returned from his trip to Yalta. Germany, Italy and Japan are very close to their maximum output of planes, guns, tanks and ships. This theme has been that Americans are admittedly rich, that Americans have considerable industrial power- but that Americans are soft and decadent, that they cannot and will not unite and work and fight. I ask you to look at your maps again, particularly at that portion of the Pacific Ocean lying west of Hawaii. So speak Americans today! In a sense, every winter was a Valley Forge. Even if the attack had not been made your map will show that it would have been a hopeless operation for us to send the fleet to the Philippines through thousands of miles of ocean, while all those island bases were under the sole control of the Japanese. Amid an atmosphere of pessimism and defeatism, Roosevelt attempts to reinstate confidence in the American people. The fireside chats were a series of evening radio addresses given by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt between 1933 and 1944. We are calling for new plants and additions to old plants. Your government has unmistakable confidence in your ability to hear the worst, without flinching or losing heart. That is the conquering spirit which prevails throughout the United Nations in this war. We knew that the war as a whole would have to be fought and won by a process of attrition against Japan itself. This war is a new kind of war. Japan in such a case could release great numbers of ships and men to launch attacks on a large scale against the coasts of the Western Hemisphere- South America and Central America, and North America- including Alaska. It is the old familiar Axis policy of "divide and conquer.". And we can lose this war only if use slow up our effort or if we waste our ammunition sniping at each other. On radio, he was able to quell rumors and explain his … Amid an atmosphere of pessimism and defeatism, Roosevelt attempts to reinstate confidence in the American people. It is a job which requires tremendous daring, tremendous resourcefulness, and, above all, tremendous production of planes and tanks and guns and also of the ships to carry them. They say that the British are finished- that the Russians and the Chinese are about to quit. Second, if we lost communication with the Southwest Pacific, all of that area, including Australia and New Zealand and the Dutch Indies, would fall under Japanese domination. Look too at North America, Central America and South America. He was right about the human toll—in two months the pandemic has killed more Americans than any conflict since World War II. And General Washington ordered that these great words written by Tom Paine be read to the men of every regiment in the Continental Army, and this was the assurance given to the first American armed forces: We are coming to realize that one extra plane or extra tank or extra gun or extra ship completed tomorrow may, in a few months, turn the tide on some distant battlefield; it may make the difference between life and death for some of our own fighting men. And thousands of American troops are today in that area engaged in operations not only in the air but on the ground as well. The American people want to know, and will be told, the general trend of how the war is going. Look at the British Isles, Australia, New Zealand, the Dutch Indies, India, the Near East, and the continent of Africa, with their resources of raw materials, and of peoples determined to resist Axis domination. Skip to main content. The United Nations are dedicated to a common cause. On the east are the Mandated Islands- which Japan had occupied exclusively, and had fortified in absolute violation of her written word. And General Washington ordered that these great words written by Tom Paine be read to the men of every regiment in the Continental Army, and this was the assurance given to the first American armed forces: "The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of their country; but he that stands it now, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman. 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